Unlocking nutrition investment: Banking on Nutrition with the African Development Bank
The Big Win
The African Development Bank (AfDB) has unveiled a new Multi-Sectoral Nutrition Action Plan that aims to reduce stunting by 40% amongst African children under five years old by 2025.
In 2017, more than a third of the world’s stunted children under the age of five lived in Africa. It is the only region in the world where the number of stunted children has risen in the past few years.
This has a significant human and economic cost. Africa loses $25 billion per year in costs attributed to child morbidity and mortality, and impaired cognitive, physical, and economic development caused by malnutrition. Yet these losses are almost entirely preventable. To realize its human and economic potential, Africa must invest in nutrition – particularly during the 1,000 days between conception and the age of two – as a crucial foundation for productivity later in life.
To address this crisis, the African Development Bank (AfDB), working with Big Win, has committed to scale up the proportion of its investments that are nutrition-smart in the agriculture, water, sanitation, hygiene, social protection, health and education sectors. In its Multi-Sectoral Nutrition Action Plan, it has announced an ambitious target of investing at least 50% of its agriculture and health portfolios in nutrition smart investments and has set a goal of reducing stunting by 40% amongst African children under five years old by 2025.
The AfDB-Big Win PartnershipWhen President Akinwumi Adesina assumed leadership of the African Development Bank (AfDB), among his first commitments was to rebalance the Bank’s portfolio to invest more deliberately in people and human capital development in Africa. Big Win Philanthropy has worked with AfDB since this time to identify the best opportunities for AfDB and its member countries to leverage their existing and developing portfolio to make it nutrition-smart.
The African continent has the potential to become a powerhouse of productivity in the 21st century but cannot sustain rates of economic growth and integrate its unprecedented youth population without addressing its high rate of stunting and its effect on the economy. Historically, AfDB has concentrated its investments in power and physical infrastructure and has only allocated 20% of its full portfolio to nutrition-focused investments.
By mobilizing its vast investment platform and through the commitment of its senior leadership and board, the AfDB will advocate and champion a new approach to human capital by developing “grey matter infrastructure’ and harnessing its people’s brain power.
The AfDB’s Multi-Sectoral Nutrition Action Plan 2018-2025 aims to redesign the Bank’s investments in areas such as agriculture, water, sanitation, hygiene, social protection, health and education to become nutrition-smart and deliver a greater social and economic return alongside achieving nutrition impact. The Bank has already reported a marked increase in the percentage of its programs that qualify as “nutrition smart.”
The AfDB is in a unique position to encourage multiple sectors and other actors to prioritize nutrition as a central development target, unlocking the human and economic potential of Africa. The Bank will encourage other investors to follow their lead to accelerate the pace of change. This approach is channelling more resources and funding to tackle stunting and malnutrition in Africa and will mobilize broad political commitment to make this a priority.
“The greatest contributor to economic growth is not physical infrastructure, but brainpower: what I refer to as “grey matter infrastructure”. Stunted children today leads to stunted economies tomorrow. Let us, together, end the scourge of malnutrition. It is well within our reach to do so, and the evidence is overwhelming that we must act – and act now.”
Akinwumi Adesina, President of the African Development Bank
Big Win’s SupportIn collaboration with the Aliko Dangote Foundation, Big Win is providing technical and training assistance to the AfDB on this initiative. We have supported the Bank in developing a Multi-Sectoral Nutrition Action Plan, with a three-part approach:
1. Mainstreaming nutrition into the Bank’s portfolio and pipeline, including Regional and Country strategies, lending programs, and other activities;
The AfDB has identified specific interventions in the five sectors that have the greatest impact on nutrition: health, agriculture, WASH, social protection and education. These interventions will be incorporated into the Bank’s investment (debt and equity) pipeline for regional country members.
2. Working to increase the production and consumption of safe and nutritious foods, through partnerships with regional and private stakeholders;
The AfDB will prioritize integrating nutrition-smart interventions into projects in the Bank’s agricultural pipeline, promoting technologies that increase the production of safe and nutritious foods, and boosting agro-based spatial development strategies and agro-industrial infrastructure.
3. Encouraging regional member countries to prioritize nutrition-smart lending requests and investments that deliver greater social and economic return alongside achieving nutritional impact, representing a double win.
The AfDB has launched the African Leaders for Nutrition (ALN) initiative to drive progress on existing continental and global nutrition targets. This will be achieved by strengthening political engagement, building partnerships, and collecting evidence through nutrition advocacy tools that encourage accountability and accelerate action.
In collaboration with the Aliko Dangote Foundation, Big Win is providing technical and training assistance to the AfDB on this initiative.
We have helped to create a dashboard that is being used by the Bank to monitor how it is delivering on its targets. We also supported the Bank in developing and releasing a Continental Nutrition Accountability Scorecard, which serves as a key advocacy tool to highlight the progress of both individual countries and of the continent as a whole towards achieving nutrition targets. The scorecard is an important component of the Bank’s effort to mobilize country-led action to address stunting.
By monitoring and highlighting the progress of its activities and the broader impact of countries’ efforts on nutrition, the Bank aims to put nutrition high up on the political agenda across the African continent.
Big Win has also supported the design and implementation of a training program, in partnership with the Aliko Dangote Foundation and Nutrition International, to equip task managers from different sectors of the bank – including health, social protection, WASH and agriculture – to design, implement and track nutrition smart investments. Big Win has also supported AfDB to roll out the tool to its entire staff and to monitor how it is used, with the aim of ensuring that all investments are considered through a nutrition lens.